[:en][:en]Events and actions coordinated by the technical group of Young People Today.[:][:]

 

Article from our Technical Coordination Group Member, SAfAIDS

Many of the young people who take part in youth groups like the Youth for Gender Norms Transformation (Y4GT) are eloquent in speaking about to HIV and gender-based violence, but for 16 year-old Somvubu High School student Nomdumo Moyo, the this topic is very broad and she chooses to look at it from a different perspective.

Speaking to SAfAIDS on the sidelines of a meeting at the school, the teen said discrimination was one of the major issues fueling violence among young people in Bubi area.

“When we talk of discrimination, we do not limit it to issues of HIV alone. Discrimination comes in different forms and affects young people negatively. For example, before the Y4GT programme was introduced in Inyathi, some pupils used to discriminate against others based on their family and economic backgrounds and this resulted in the other pupils not performing well during exams,” she said.

Nomdumo explained that with the training that she got, she was able to counsel students so that they stop discriminating against others based on their HIV status or poverty. She also said that on a number of occasions she has referred pupils with major problems to the two teachers who head the programme for further counselling.

Read more on the SafAIDS Website.

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – UNESCO is supporting the organization of a one-month anti-FGM campaign in selected districts within the five regions with high prevalence namely Manyara, Dodoma, Arusha, Mara and Singida. The campaign is organized with financial support from SDC project, Sida O3 Project and UNDAP II- VAWC One UN fund.

The campaign kicked off in Ngorongoro on May 28 and will include a 3-day capacity-building workshop to be conducted in collaboration with Loliondo FM, a UNESCO supported community radio, followed by official launch of the campaign on 31st May and an intergeneration dialogue on ending FGM practices and traditional to be aired live by Loliondo FM.

The workshop is meant to orient key anti-FGM campaigners including media practitioners with key messages where a major public campaign through five community radios within the top five regions will be carried out there after expected to reach 1 million people.

Community radios for the public campaign with regions in brackets include Loliondo FM (Arusha), ORS (Manyara), Dodoma FM (Dodoma will also cover Singida), Triple A FM (Arusha), Mazingira FM (Mara).

The key approaches for the Ngorongoro anti-FGM campaign include a Public Campaign through Community Radios highlighted where a series of community radio sessions will be developed and broadcasted targeting community leaders, law enforcers, medical personnel, religious leaders, Ngaribas and young people (particularly out of school girls.

The other approach will involve a School-based campaign, specifically targeting pupils, students, teachers, and school-parent committees from 20 schools in Loliondo division.

Simultaneously, a Community-based campaign will take place specifically targeting parents and caretakers in 14 selected villages in Loliondo division and will take the form of parent/caretakers village/sub-village sensitization meetings.

The campaign comes in June, a month considered as high season where parents utilize the long school holidays to circumcise their girls.

UNESCO organizes the anti FGM campaign in close collaboration with the Ngorongoro District Council, the Council of Masaai traditional leaders and the Network of Community Media in Tanzania (TADIO).

Through its socio-cultural approach, UNESCO’s initiatives have gained community support and achieved notable impact including change of mind-set of some of the traditional leaders and Ngaribas (the female circumcisers).

The anti-FGM campaign is a continuation of similar ones conducted in June and December 2017 where 10 girls were rescued from the cut, with two being rescued from being married off to old men as old as 68 years old.

In Tanzania, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is deeply rooted and grounded in cultural practices and beliefs, and is an integral part of the socialization process, particularly symbolic of the passage from childhood to adulthood in the Maasai, Kurya, Gogo, Nyiramba, Mbulu, Chagga and Pare tribes. According to the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey and Malaria Indicator Survey Report (TDHS-MIS, 2015-16), one in ten women in Tanzania has been circumcised. The top five regions in Tanzania in terms of FGM prevalence with percentage in brackets are Manyara (58%), Dodoma (47%), Arusha (41%), Mara (32%) and Singida (31%).

FGM has many health effects including recurrent urinary and vaginal infections, fistula, chronic pain, infertility, haemorrhaging, epidermoid cysts, and difficult labor.7 It has also its psychological impact and abnormalities in the female sexual function.

Media enquiries: UNESCO Dar Office, Tanzania | Mathias Herman | +255 755 195 459 | m.herman@unesco.org

[:en]In a bid to strengthen and effectively implement the 2013 Ministerial Commitment on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), and Adolescent and youth-friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) services in Eastern and Southern African (ESA), the Technical Coordination Group (TCG) is set to meet in Johannesburg, South Africa from the 17th to 19th May 2017 to discuss progress, challenges and priority areas to meet the Commitment’s 2020 targets.

The Technical Coordinating Group which meets every year under the leadership of UNAIDS and with support from SADC and EAC Secretariats, plays a key role in the management of the ESA Commitment process and the implementation of the accountability mechanism.

An expanded TCG meeting has been proposed to include ESA Commitment Focal Points, and civil society organizations’ (CSO), core TCG group, UN partners and the private sector from all 21 ESA countries to ensure a rich discussion informed, in part, by country experiences and lessons learned.

The 2017 TCG meeting comes at the backdrop of the re-affirmation of the ESA Commitment by Ministers of Health through a call to action tag lined “Let’s Step Up and Deliver” along with the Roadmap 2020 which were adopted during the 2016 AIDS Conference and will see an expansion in the nature of discussions with the inclusion of key stakeholders in the implementation, monitoring and accountability of the commitment.

Also scheduled for discussion will be how countries and Civil Society Organizations can operationalize the roadmap towards the year 2020 targets (2020 Road Map); discuss resource mobilization strategies such as how to advocate for increased domestic resources; ESA Commitment coordination and mechanisms to improve partner engagement; and how to institutionalize CSE and youth-friendly services for in and out of school adolescents and youth.

In 2015, the Eastern and Southern Africa Commitment progress report noted that after two years of implementing the ESA Commitment across 21 countries, significant progress was made in achieve targets set out in the 2013 Commitment. The report also cited relevant work required to improve the quality of comprehensive sexuality education and health services that are delivered to young people, as well as the quality and coverage of training for educators and health service providers.[:]

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Collaborative efforts and partnerships are key in ensuring that interventions aimed at creating safe learning spaces for young people become effective.

This was echoed by delegates attending an orientation workshop hosted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation Regional Office for Southern Africa (UNESCO- ROSA) on the Global Guidance to end School-Related Gender-Based Violence (SRGBV) in Harare, Zimbabwe.

Speaking at workshop, the Executive Director of Southern Africa AIDS Trust (SAT), Mr. Jonathan Gunthrop noted that the implementation of the Global Guidance in Eastern and Southern Africa relied upon support mechanisms for the school and the community where young people are experiencing various forms of gender based violence cascades.

Echoing the same sentiments, UNESCO Regional HIV and Health Education Advisor for Eastern and Southern Africa Dr. Patricia Machawira urged all country teams to work together to come up with sound interventions to end School-Related Gender-Based Violence and Early Unintended Pregnancies by ensuring the Global Guidance is localised and understood at country level. She also reiterated the need to have data informed responses and sustainable interventions.

The workshop which ran from 20th to 22nd March 2017 was attended by gender focal points in the Ministries of education, civil society and UN agencies from 12 Eastern and Southern Africa countries and unpacked the Global Guidance to end School Related Gender based Violence with specific focus on the Eastern and Southern African region. It also capacitated country teams to effectively deal with SRGBV and identify the linkage between School-Related Gender-Based Violence and Early and Unintended Pregnancies (EUP).

With support from the Senior Programme Specialist in the UNESCO Headquarters Section for Health and Education, Ms. Joanna Herat, the participants were given the overview of the Global Guidance narrowing into the Eastern and Southern African context exploring where School-Related Gender-Based Violence happens, who the victims are and the consequences they face.

The session presented statistics gathered from studies conducted in Eastern and Southern Africa which clearly highlight that School-Related Gender-Based Violence is present in African societies.In one of the studies cited which was carried out in Eastern and Southern Africa in 2009, 41% of head teachers acknowledged that sexual harassment occurred between pupils in their schools. 39% of the same head teachers reported that teacher to pupil harassment had occurred in their schools. Also in South Africa, 8% of secondary school girls had experienced several sexual assault or rape in the previous year whilst at school.

Cyber bullying stemmed out as a recent and emerging form of harassment that Africa is experiencing due to the growth of the Information and Communication Technologies, thus affecting young people within and outside the school environment. Calls to prioritise capacity building of learners on internet security were made.

Adopting a participatory nature, the workshop accorded the country teams and representatives of the civil society to share their country situational analysis relating to existing data on School-Related Gender-Based Violence, current interventions in place and priority areas of focus to address School-Related Gender-Based Violence and early and unintended pregnancies.

Some of the interventions that were discussed at length during the workshop which require scaling up and refinement included the Determined, Resilient, Empowered AIDS Free Mentored and Safe Girls Project (DREAMS) that seeks to empower the girl child by facilitating their stay in school; Sista 2 Sista; and boys and girls empowerment clubs.

From the workshop, country teams drafted action plans to address SRGBV and EUP with some of the priorities being building the capacity of teachers and students on reporting and referral systems, mainstreaming of SRGBV with other topics being taught under life skills, creation and finalising of National Gender Based Violence frameworks.

The Global Guidance on SRGBV can be accessed on: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002466/246651E.pdf

For more information, please contact: p.machawira@unesco.org or l.halimani@unesco.org

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[:en]Written in collaboration with SAFAIDS and UNESCO as part of efforts to train journalists on comprehensive sexuality education

South Sudan has faced decades of conflict, which has been severely detrimental to the lives of millions of young people in the country. With limited capacity in both education and health provision, the number of young people excluded from education Levitra vs viagra price is immense, with as many as 59% of primary school age children out of school. Girls in particular face the worst in education access – in some communities, less than 5% of the female population are completing education. A huge proportion of girls dropping out (65%) can be attributed to teenage pregnancy and child marriages.

The Africa Educational Trust (AET), an international non-profit organization, has developed a unique initiative that addresses challenges girls are facing in dropping out of school, called the School Mother Initiative. School mothers, who become female role models in rural communities across the country, are provided with specific training in counseling, community mobilization, child rights and advocacy, in addition to specific health needs for girls, including making sanitary pads using locally available materials.

The initiative has found that these school mothers have helped girls discuss issues, including sexuality more comfortably and openly, but have also acted as role models, encouraging girls to continue their studies. They are Kamagra Cialis France able to meet specific and unique needs and challenges facing girls, including their learning styles and personal safety and are key advocates to local authorities, parent-teacher organizations, and communities.

The initiative has over 100 school mothers in 100 targeted schools in South Sudan. Nominated by the communities themselves, these women meet the girls on a weekly basis, counseling them on any issues that may need to be addressed. They also become a crucial link for girls and parents in accessing much-needed health services.

The program has provided evidence that where school mothers are active, schools have reported having fewer girls dropping out of school to be married and few girls leaving school because of teenage pregnancy. It has also helped shift community’s thinking around girls’ rights and empowerment.

For more information, go to the Africa Educational Trust website[:]

[:en]As in other parts of Africa, and in the East and Sub Saharan African region in particular, there is increasing concern about teenage pregnancies in Rwanda. Anecdotal information from the media has reported cases of teenage pregnancies in different parts of the country and in some schools. According to local newspaper ‘IZUBA RIRAHSYE’, in only one District of Musanze, about 769 teenagers experienced unwanted pregnancies in 2012, 819 in 2013, 883 in 2014 and 719 by September 2015. Among these, some are women are as young as 15.

It has also been reported that authorities, including the National Police, are concerned about the continuing silence around the issue by parents of the victims. Of the reported cases, only 165 suspects in the Northern Province were submitted to court between January and October, 2015.

In 2014, the Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion (MIGEPROF), together with the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC), and with the support of other partners, launched an annual national campaign against teenage pregnancies. As a supporter of this campaign, UNESCO has partnered with CSOs, LNGOs, and networks of young people, to engage communities in the promotion of comprehensive sexuality education as a response to the growing number of cases of teenage pregnancies.

Among the community engagement activities, is:

  • The use of popular media to reach out to young people

    in the country

  • Key messages and communication materials on the prevention of teenage pregnancies and HIV through schools
  • Community dialogues with community leaders and opinion leaders
  • Capacity building of program managers and the media on the engagement of communities in the prevention of teenage pregnancies and HIV

UNESCO is also partnering with the Kigali Hope Association, a network of young people living with HIV, to reach out to young people in schools in 10mg levitra Musanze District with messages on the prevention of HIV and early teenage pregnancies, and the use of available health services and distribution of IEC materials. Live call-in radio is also being conducted locally, discussing issues such as how parents and their children can communicate about sexuality education, the need to know one’s HIV status, where and how to seek for HIV and other ASRHR services, consequences of early teenage pregnancies and advantages of delaying sex, and available laws against violence.[:]

[:en]Three lessons we have learnt after two years of the ESA Commitment

In December 2013 ministers of health and education from 20 Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) gathered in Cape Town and endorsed a commitment to work jointly to improve young people’s access to sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services. This came to be known as the ESA Commitment.

The Cape Town meeting was pushed by the realization that 158 million young people make up the core population in 21 ESA countries and are aged between 15-24 years. The region’s youth are faced with a number of challenges that include new HIV infections, early and unintended pregnancies, gender-based violence, and child marriage. The opportunity specifies that with effective investment in education, health, employment, and youth empowerment https://www.acheterviagrafr24.com/sildenafil-prix-moyen-teva/ efforts, the young people of ESA can be an effective social, economic, and political force.

Following this commitment, African leaders went back to start implementing what they had agreed in Cape Town. Here are three lessons we have learnt in the two years of the implementation of the ESA Commitment:

1. It takes more than health and education to change young people’s lives

The ESA Commitment was affirmed by Ministers of Health and Education, however it is clear that meeting the needs of adolescents and young people cannot be accomplished by the health and education sectors alone. Ministries of gender, finance, and justice need to be involved for the youth to fully benefit from these efforts. For example, in some contexts young people are negatively affected by legislature that ignores their sexual autonomy. Laws bars them from accessing services that would allow them to prevent early and unintended pregnancy, protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections, or HIV testing. cialis ou acheter Where countries have laws governing these issues, the laws are often in conflict with each other. For example, the legal age of consent to sex may be lower than the legal age of consent to medical services. Young people who engage in sex therefore, cannot obtain contraception without guardian consent. Ministries of Justice thus have to harmonize laws that govern the age of sexual consent, marriage, and health services to improve young people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. The ESA Commitment has become a platform for a coordinated multi-sectorial approach to enriching the health and wellbeing of young people.

2. We cannot leave communities behind

Many young people live in environments where the influence of key gatekeepers in their communities has a bearing on their quality of life. Gatekeepers impact the:

  • type of education they receive,
  • whether or not they can access sexual and reproductive health services,
  • if their gender rights are respected

In the last two years, ESA Commitment countries have realized the importance of engaging parents, traditional, and religious leaders in empowering young people with sexuality education. Mobilizing communities to promote equal gender norms, engage men and boys and end the incidence of gender-based violence has the power to transform communities. This is even more so for adolescent girls and young women. When traditional leaders challenge cultural barriers to the health and wellbeing of young women by promoting delayed marriage and pregnancy this affects maternal and child mortality. If we combine this with keeping girls in school, the difference is transformative for women and their communities. In Malawi, Chief Teresa Kachindamoto has annulled more than 850 child marriages in three years and inspired other traditional leaders to address this pressing human rights issue that affects young women globally.

3. Young people are demanding to be heard

When young people become allies in their own developmental issues, they are able to influence policy and the attitudes of gate keepers in their communities. Young people play a critical role in national coordination mechanisms of the ESA Commitment. Through youth networks such as the regional network AfriYAN, young people have proven themselves to be formidable advocates with government. They have demanded their right to comprehensive sexuality education and health services. Youth have been leaders in providing peer-led interventions and providing support to marginalized young people who don’t have access to conventional programmes.

After two years of implementing the ESA Commitment it has become evident that programmers need to keep youth connected to the policy-making processes that affect their lives.

On the 18th of July, 2016 at the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban South Africa, senior government officials from Eastern and Southern Africa will come together to review two years of progress in the ESA Commitment. Ministers, Permanent Secretaries and members of civil society including young people, traditional and religious leaders will reflect on the lessons learnt in implementing the ESA Commitment and share promising practices for attaining the targets of the Commitment.[:]

[:en]Please join us in a high-level meeting to discuss the progress of the ESA Commitment at the International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa.

WHEN: Monday, 18 July 2016, 8:00 – 12:30

WHERE: Room session 6 at the International AIDS Conference 2016, Durban International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa

The meeting will host selected ministers, senior government officials from ministries of health, education, youth and gender; young people; development partners; and civil society to:

1. Review progress towards the ESA Commitment 2015 targets, share best practices and acheterviagrafr24.com agree on next steps to accelerate progress towards 2020 targets.

2. Discuss ways to strengthen cross-sectoral collaboration to ensure effective delivery of all the ESA Commitment targets.

3. Reaffirm political commitment by endorsing Roadmap 2020, which outlines key milestones to reach the 2020 targets.

Please check back soon for the meeting agenda![:]

[:en]Written by: Tikhala Itaye, President African Youth and Adolescents Network (AfriYAN), East and Southern Africa

Participation of young people is key in achieving the long term vision of ESA Commitment targets. Young people should not be viewed as passive recipients of development initiatives but as key partners in design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of these programmes. Having young people’s buy in is crucial to progress their access to health services and sexuality education.

So much review is being done on the comprehensive sexual education curriculum (CSE) across the region but we need to involve more young people as partners to evaluate what works and what doesn’t.

Earlier in 2015, I had the opportunity to observe life skills education in a few selected public schools in the Northern region of Namibia. I was extremely shocked to see that teachers hold their own personal values on HIV prevention and at times omit certain prevention methods because of these values.

Learners are deprived of all the information they need in order to make informed decisions. Instead of telling a young girl, “Don’t get pregnant because it is bad”, tell her what and how she can overcome social pressure, how she can access HTC, and how she can prevent it. There is a harsh reality on what is in the curriculum and how the curriculum is taught that is affecting many young learners from making informed decisions.

Young people need to amplify their voices and be advocates for change themselves and change the course of development. More than that, representation goes beyond self-fulfilment, it is also a matter of advocating for those that do not have a platform to do so.

I like what Julita Onabanjo, Regional Director for UNFPA Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office, once said: “Do not forget where you come from, remember those left behind. They also need to be built.”

We have to keep in mind those adolescents that don’t have

access to school education as there are still countries that do not provide comprehensive sexual education in schools.

Civil society organisations have an important role in reaching and encouraging the youth. In many cases they are the only means to reach adolescents without access to school education and in community settings where it is difficult for young people to access adequate information and reproductive health services.

Even if our backgrounds are often burdened by social-economic issues like unemployment, denied access to reproductive health services or a lack of an enabling environment for growth and development, as an advocate, we should be an anchor for social change.[:]

[:en]A significant number of young people in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) lack comprehensive sexuality education (CSE), an age-appropriate, culturally relevant approach to teaching about sex and relationships by providing accurate, realistic and non-judgemental information. In fact, only 30% of girls and boys in Eastern and Southern Africa have comprehensive knowledge of HIV.

On the 28 April 2015, UNESCO, UNFPA and UNAIDS in partnership with the Namibian Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture and the Ministry of Health and Social Services met in Oshana Region to discuss crucial steps in bettering young people’s access to

comprehensive sexual education (CSE) and reproductive health services. The collaborative meeting was aimed at orienting the Namibian regions on the commitment and obtaining their buy in to contribute to attaining the ESA Commitment targets.

“We need governments to take leadership in the ESA Commitment. Only when we provide clear recommendations that translate into action plans can we expand and strengthen delivery viagra sans ordonnance of sexuality education for young people in schools as well as well as outside of schools.”, emphasizes Hon. Clemens Kashuupulwa, Governor of Oshana Region.

Last December marked the second year following the historic Eastern and Southern Africa ministerial commitment aimed at scaling up young people’s access to sexuality education and reproductive health services.

Evidence has shown that comprehensive sexuality education can effectively delay sexual activity, reduce unprotected sex and the number of sexual partners and increase protection against unintended pregnancy, STIs and HIV. In Namibia, key drivers for HIV infections include the lack of male circumcision, multiple partners, excessive alcohol use, transactional or intergenerational sex and lack of HIV testing. With adolescents and young people making up over one third of the region’s population, it is critical we act now.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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