[:en]Our people, our community and what they have to say. Their voices[:]


Collaborative efforts and partnerships are key in ensuring that interventions aimed at creating safe learning spaces for young people become effective.

This was echoed by delegates attending an orientation workshop hosted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation Regional Office for Southern Africa (UNESCO- ROSA) on the Global Guidance to end School-Related Gender-Based Violence (SRGBV) in Harare, Zimbabwe.

Speaking at workshop, the Executive Director of Southern Africa AIDS Trust (SAT), Mr. Jonathan Gunthrop noted that the implementation of the Global Guidance in Eastern and Southern Africa relied upon support mechanisms for the school and the community where young people are experiencing various forms of gender based violence cascades.

Echoing the same sentiments, UNESCO Regional HIV and Health Education Advisor for Eastern and Southern Africa Dr. Patricia Machawira urged all country teams to work together to come up with sound interventions to end School-Related Gender-Based Violence and Early Unintended Pregnancies by ensuring the Global Guidance is localised and understood at country level. She also reiterated the need to have data informed responses and sustainable interventions.

The workshop which ran from 20th to 22nd March 2017 was attended by gender focal points in the Ministries of education, civil society and UN agencies from 12 Eastern and Southern Africa countries and unpacked the Global Guidance to end School Related Gender based Violence with specific focus on the Eastern and Southern African region. It also capacitated country teams to effectively deal with SRGBV and identify the linkage between School-Related Gender-Based Violence and Early and Unintended Pregnancies (EUP).

With support from the Senior Programme Specialist in the UNESCO Headquarters Section for Health and Education, Ms. Joanna Herat, the participants were given the overview of the Global Guidance narrowing into the Eastern and Southern African context exploring where School-Related Gender-Based Violence happens, who the victims are and the consequences they face.

The session presented statistics gathered from studies conducted in Eastern and Southern Africa which clearly highlight that School-Related Gender-Based Violence is present in African societies.In one of the studies cited which was carried out in Eastern and Southern Africa in 2009, 41% of head teachers acknowledged that sexual harassment occurred between pupils in their schools. 39% of the same head teachers reported that teacher to pupil harassment had occurred in their schools. Also in South Africa, 8% of secondary school girls had experienced several sexual assault or rape in the previous year whilst at school.

Cyber bullying stemmed out as a recent and emerging form of harassment that Africa is experiencing due to the growth of the Information and Communication Technologies, thus affecting young people within and outside the school environment. Calls to prioritise capacity building of learners on internet security were made.

Adopting a participatory nature, the workshop accorded the country teams and representatives of the civil society to share their country situational analysis relating to existing data on School-Related Gender-Based Violence, current interventions in place and priority areas of focus to address School-Related Gender-Based Violence and early and unintended pregnancies.

Some of the interventions that were discussed at length during the workshop which require scaling up and refinement included the Determined, Resilient, Empowered AIDS Free Mentored and Safe Girls Project (DREAMS) that seeks to empower the girl child by facilitating their stay in school; Sista 2 Sista; and boys and girls empowerment clubs.

From the workshop, country teams drafted action plans to address SRGBV and EUP with some of the priorities being building the capacity of teachers and students on reporting and referral systems, mainstreaming of SRGBV with other topics being taught under life skills, creation and finalising of National Gender Based Violence frameworks.

The Global Guidance on SRGBV can be accessed on: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002466/246651E.pdf

For more information, please contact: p.machawira@unesco.org or l.halimani@unesco.org


[:en]Minsters from the region reaffirmed the ESA Commitment during a 2-year progress meeting at the 2016 International AIDS Conference. This reaffirmation was expressed in the ministerial call to action aptly titled Lets Step Up and Deliver! A Ministerial Call to Action for accelerating the delivery of comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA)

Step up and Deliver

Ministers and other stakeholders also reiterated the importance of intensifying efforts to support country implementation. Key steps to be taken to reach the 2020 targets are outlined in the roadmap that was agreed upon.

Download the 2020 Roadmap

Get involved. Together we can step up and deliver on the promise of better health for young people to enable them reach their full potential and contribute to the development of the region.

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[:en]In support of the International Day of the Girl Child – October 11,2016-  see what a senior chief in Malawi is doing to protect the health and wellbeing of girls.  She is doing what truly counts for girls in her chiefdom by annulling child marriages and supporting girls to remain in school. Study after study has taught us that there is no tool for development more effective than the education of girls. No other policy is as likely to raise economic productivity, lower infant and maternal mortality, or improve nutrition and promote health – including the prevention of HIV.[:]

[:en]Written in collaboration with SAFAIDS and UNESCO as part of efforts to train journalists on comprehensive sexuality education

South Sudan has faced decades of conflict, which has been severely detrimental to the lives of millions of young people in the country. With limited capacity in both education and health provision, the number of young people excluded from education Levitra vs viagra price is immense, with as many as 59% of primary school age children out of school. Girls in particular face the worst in education access – in some communities, less than 5% of the female population are completing education. A huge proportion of girls dropping out (65%) can be attributed to teenage pregnancy and child marriages.

The Africa Educational Trust (AET), an international non-profit organization, has developed a unique initiative that addresses challenges girls are facing in dropping out of school, called the School Mother Initiative. School mothers, who become female role models in rural communities across the country, are provided with specific training in counseling, community mobilization, child rights and advocacy, in addition to specific health needs for girls, including making sanitary pads using locally available materials.

The initiative has found that these school mothers have helped girls discuss issues, including sexuality more comfortably and openly, but have also acted as role models, encouraging girls to continue their studies. They are Kamagra Cialis France able to meet specific and unique needs and challenges facing girls, including their learning styles and personal safety and are key advocates to local authorities, parent-teacher organizations, and communities.

The initiative has over 100 school mothers in 100 targeted schools in South Sudan. Nominated by the communities themselves, these women meet the girls on a weekly basis, counseling them on any issues that may need to be addressed. They also become a crucial link for girls and parents in accessing much-needed health services.

The program has provided evidence that where school mothers are active, schools have reported having fewer girls dropping out of school to be married and few girls leaving school because of teenage pregnancy. It has also helped shift community’s thinking around girls’ rights and empowerment.

For more information, go to the Africa Educational Trust website[:]

[:en]Although the HIV prevalence rate amongst young people have declined in recent years, there is still a disproportionate number of young women and girls who are becoming newly infected across the region.

HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is key to reducing overall HIV infections and accessing adequate health services. HIV prevention knowledge in Eastern and Southern Africa also remains insufficient with an average of 45% of men and 42% of women with adequate knowledge.

As part of the collective response to reduce new infections among young people, countries, such as Namibia, has found innovative strategies to increase testing and barriers to access services.

Namibia’s Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture has piloted a first of its kind school-based HIV testing and counselling service at selected schools across the country. This pilot will generate crucial evidence that will help inform national policy on the best adolescent and youth-friendly HTC approaches to take nationwide. Over 500 adolescents and young people have already been reached through the initiative, of which 83% were first time testers.

Stay tuned for more stories that mark two years of progress of the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) Ministerial Commitment!

Namibia Pilot Project on HIV Testing and Counselling

Photo: a counsellor and student tadalafil efficacite in a pilot HIV testing cialis generique and counselling programme


[:en]Written by: Tikhala Itaye, President of the Eastern and Southern African region of AfriYAN, co-founder of Her Liberty Namibia, Executive producer of “Don’t kiss and Tell”, a TV drama series on HIV and GBV among young people, and Regional Think Tank Social Justice member. Tikhala is a 26-year-old young woman, born Malawian and residing in Namibia.

There has been an ongoing debate related to HIV self-testing kits in the region – are they problematic or part of the solution in Eastern and

Southern Africa? These self-testing kits – described as being simple, discreet, reliable for young people – aim to encourage and increase HIV testing by surpassing some of the common barriers that are faced by local clinics and other health care facilities.

As a young person myself, I believe that the HIV self-testing kits are a valuable add-on to already existing health service provision, providing another choice and alternative. In our region especially, we are seeing many young people who are still not aware of their HIV status, making them unknowingly responsible for onward transmissions and risking their chances of not being diagnosed early on. However, as innovative and effective as this new model sounds, I still have my concerns:

  1. I am so concerned that we are losing the importance of face-to-face HIV counseling. Receiving pre and post-HIV counseling has been said to play a critical role in how young people react to their HIV status. With HIV self-testing kits, this could be an issue. Many young people believe that this individualistic model may increase the number of suicides upon unexpectedly finding out they are HIV positive.
  2. The age of consent of persons que es sildenafil citrate allowed to access the self-testing kits raise concerns. Will this be in accordance with the age of consent to HIV testing and access to sexual reproductive health services?
  3. There are many logistics involved in the HIV self-testing kits. How do you effectively track the statistical collection of data on the HIV prevalence rate if individuals test?

This only reiterates that no matter what you believe when it relates to HIV self-testing kits, it is crucial that young

people remain engaged in the consultative process. This will not only help to better understand how it may be rolled out effectively but can provide alternative and localized solutions that make the most impact for all youth.[:]

[:en]As in other parts of Africa, and in the East and Sub Saharan African region in particular, there is increasing concern about teenage pregnancies in Rwanda. Anecdotal information from the media has reported cases of teenage pregnancies in different parts of the country and in some schools. According to local newspaper ‘IZUBA RIRAHSYE’, in only one District of Musanze, about 769 teenagers experienced unwanted pregnancies in 2012, 819 in 2013, 883 in 2014 and 719 by September 2015. Among these, some are women are as young as 15.

It has also been reported that authorities, including the National Police, are concerned about the continuing silence around the issue by parents of the victims. Of the reported cases, only 165 suspects in the Northern Province were submitted to court between January and October, 2015.

In 2014, the Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion (MIGEPROF), together with the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC), and with the support of other partners, launched an annual national campaign against teenage pregnancies. As a supporter of this campaign, UNESCO has partnered with CSOs, LNGOs, and networks of young people, to engage communities in the promotion of comprehensive sexuality education as a response to the growing number of cases of teenage pregnancies.

Among the community engagement activities, is:

  • The use of popular media to reach out to young people

    in the country

  • Key messages and communication materials on the prevention of teenage pregnancies and HIV through schools
  • Community dialogues with community leaders and opinion leaders
  • Capacity building of program managers and the media on the engagement of communities in the prevention of teenage pregnancies and HIV

UNESCO is also partnering with the Kigali Hope Association, a network of young people living with HIV, to reach out to young people in schools in 10mg levitra Musanze District with messages on the prevention of HIV and early teenage pregnancies, and the use of available health services and distribution of IEC materials. Live call-in radio is also being conducted locally, discussing issues such as how parents and their children can communicate about sexuality education, the need to know one’s HIV status, where and how to seek for HIV and other ASRHR services, consequences of early teenage pregnancies and advantages of delaying sex, and available laws against violence.[:]

[:en]Poetry has a unique power to transcend across generations. It has the ability to speak to readers intimately, giving them deep insight into a writer’s ideas – what they fear or what they hate or love. Benson Kanyi Wairimu, a young man from Kenya, uses his passion and skill of poetry and other art as a powerful tool in bridging communication gaps between the community http://www.cialispharmaciefr24.com/cialis-ou-acheter/ and HIV positive young people.

“I use poetry as a way to share important messages onto my fellow young people, religious leaders and the community at large,” says Benson. “When I write a poem, people want to listen. It allows us to share from our perspective what it’s like to be a young person.”

Below, is a poem he has written on the interaction between a young boy and his mother.



Written by: Benson Kanyi Wairimu

Hallo Mama! I need to talk to you. Can you spare some time and listen to me?

Of course my son, have a sit. 

Thank you. Mama…I would really love to know the difference between a boy and a man. I understand I am a boy and with time I will grow into a man. Please clarify for me what makes a man because I have too many questions that really need deep explanations.

So Mama, does being muscular make you a man? And if it is so, is Mike a man then? He is old and muscular but he rarely uses common sense to solve his issues.

Is it being cut? If it is so, then I am a man because I have cut myself several times as I sharpen my pencil but you still call me a boy.  May I ask why? I have a friend back at school and he went through surgical operations. Mind you, we are of the same age but we are still addressed as boys. Why?

What about those that go through circumcision? Does that qualify as becoming a man? There are cultures that don’t allow circumcision at all and you still find men who have families. How can you explain that?

Mama, is a man all about having beards? If it is so then goats would make the best men because they have beautiful beards.

Mama, does size matter?

Son, you are quite interesting. What made you think so? On a serious note, you have to understand that everyone will grow old but not everyone will grow up. Being a man is a matter of decision, choosing what’s right, respecting others, standing alone, being responsible – growing up. 

Mama, since you told me that it takes a man and a woman to have a baby, where is the man responsible for me? I am sure it all would be different if he was around. Whom do I look up to? The person to call father isn’t around. From my assumption, he wasn’t ready for the responsibilities.

In our society, I hardly see any good role models. The so-called ‘men’ who are the same age as my father is competing for the same girls that I hang out with.

Mama, bravo. You alone are man enough to groom me to be a responsible man to the society. A child whether a male or a female is fragile as much as they are young. Let us shape our children and mold our men to independent rather than dependent.

Let’s teach our boys the importance of folding their sleeves up and working. We will have men rather than big boys with a notion that they are men.[:]

[:en]Three lessons we have learnt after two years of the ESA Commitment

In December 2013 ministers of health and education from 20 Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) gathered in Cape Town and endorsed a commitment to work jointly to improve young people’s access to sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services. This came to be known as the ESA Commitment.

The Cape Town meeting was pushed by the realization that 158 million young people make up the core population in 21 ESA countries and are aged between 15-24 years. The region’s youth are faced with a number of challenges that include new HIV infections, early and unintended pregnancies, gender-based violence, and child marriage. The opportunity specifies that with effective investment in education, health, employment, and youth empowerment https://www.acheterviagrafr24.com/sildenafil-prix-moyen-teva/ efforts, the young people of ESA can be an effective social, economic, and political force.

Following this commitment, African leaders went back to start implementing what they had agreed in Cape Town. Here are three lessons we have learnt in the two years of the implementation of the ESA Commitment:

1. It takes more than health and education to change young people’s lives

The ESA Commitment was affirmed by Ministers of Health and Education, however it is clear that meeting the needs of adolescents and young people cannot be accomplished by the health and education sectors alone. Ministries of gender, finance, and justice need to be involved for the youth to fully benefit from these efforts. For example, in some contexts young people are negatively affected by legislature that ignores their sexual autonomy. Laws bars them from accessing services that would allow them to prevent early and unintended pregnancy, protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections, or HIV testing. cialis ou acheter Where countries have laws governing these issues, the laws are often in conflict with each other. For example, the legal age of consent to sex may be lower than the legal age of consent to medical services. Young people who engage in sex therefore, cannot obtain contraception without guardian consent. Ministries of Justice thus have to harmonize laws that govern the age of sexual consent, marriage, and health services to improve young people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. The ESA Commitment has become a platform for a coordinated multi-sectorial approach to enriching the health and wellbeing of young people.

2. We cannot leave communities behind

Many young people live in environments where the influence of key gatekeepers in their communities has a bearing on their quality of life. Gatekeepers impact the:

  • type of education they receive,
  • whether or not they can access sexual and reproductive health services,
  • if their gender rights are respected

In the last two years, ESA Commitment countries have realized the importance of engaging parents, traditional, and religious leaders in empowering young people with sexuality education. Mobilizing communities to promote equal gender norms, engage men and boys and end the incidence of gender-based violence has the power to transform communities. This is even more so for adolescent girls and young women. When traditional leaders challenge cultural barriers to the health and wellbeing of young women by promoting delayed marriage and pregnancy this affects maternal and child mortality. If we combine this with keeping girls in school, the difference is transformative for women and their communities. In Malawi, Chief Teresa Kachindamoto has annulled more than 850 child marriages in three years and inspired other traditional leaders to address this pressing human rights issue that affects young women globally.

3. Young people are demanding to be heard

When young people become allies in their own developmental issues, they are able to influence policy and the attitudes of gate keepers in their communities. Young people play a critical role in national coordination mechanisms of the ESA Commitment. Through youth networks such as the regional network AfriYAN, young people have proven themselves to be formidable advocates with government. They have demanded their right to comprehensive sexuality education and health services. Youth have been leaders in providing peer-led interventions and providing support to marginalized young people who don’t have access to conventional programmes.

After two years of implementing the ESA Commitment it has become evident that programmers need to keep youth connected to the policy-making processes that affect their lives.

On the 18th of July, 2016 at the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban South Africa, senior government officials from Eastern and Southern Africa will come together to review two years of progress in the ESA Commitment. Ministers, Permanent Secretaries and members of civil society including young people, traditional and religious leaders will reflect on the lessons learnt in implementing the ESA Commitment and share promising practices for attaining the targets of the Commitment.[:]

[:en]Please join us in a high-level meeting to discuss the progress of the ESA Commitment at the International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa.

WHEN: Monday, 18 July 2016, 8:00 – 12:30

WHERE: Room session 6 at the International AIDS Conference 2016, Durban International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa

The meeting will host selected ministers, senior government officials from ministries of health, education, youth and gender; young people; development partners; and civil society to:

1. Review progress towards the ESA Commitment 2015 targets, share best practices and acheterviagrafr24.com agree on next steps to accelerate progress towards 2020 targets.

2. Discuss ways to strengthen cross-sectoral collaboration to ensure effective delivery of all the ESA Commitment targets.

3. Reaffirm political commitment by endorsing Roadmap 2020, which outlines key milestones to reach the 2020 targets.

Please check back soon for the meeting agenda![:]